Scientific Sessions Update: Carbs, Protein or Calories?

More than 20,000 square feet of diabetes research – that is what is currently on display in the Poster Hall at the American Diabetes Association’s Scientific Sessions. One of the posters presented today during an audio poster tour explored whether a low-fat, high-protein diet would lead to greater weight loss than a low-fat, high-carb diet in people with type 2 diabetes.

This study, which was conducted over two years in New Zealand, divided overweight people with type 2 diabetes into two groups: one that ate a regular low-fat, high-carb diet (which acted as the control) and the other group ate a low-fat, high protein diet. Researchers then took weight and waist circumference measurements at the beginning and then at 6, 12, and 24 months. They also looked at other factors related to diabetes complications, such as A1C results, blood pressure and lipid profiles (which measure risk factors for coronary heart disease).

After two years, both groups lost weight, reduced their waist circumference, and lowered their A1C. There was no significant difference between the groups, except that the lipid profile pattern was different throughout the two years, but ended up with similar results after at the end of the study.

So what does this mean? No matter what type of diet you prefer (and we know there are many different preferences out there), it’s the total number of calories you consume that matters most.

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3 Responses to Scientific Sessions Update: Carbs, Protein or Calories?

  1. George hoselton says:

    One obvious conclusion is a low fat diet is the answer. Real dr Neal Barnard and others regarding reversing type ii on a very low fat diet. Cured my type ii almost two years ago. His suggestion is low fat and no meat or dairy to help get super low. I now eat very little meat and dairy and illness has not returned.

  2. ST says:

    With such limited information in this post it is difficult to tell if this study actually has any merit. As described It has serious flaws in terms of proper control and general experimental design and is quite similar to other flawed studies.

  3. Diane says:

    I couldn’t lose any weight until I cut out carbs. Also, when I test after eating carbs my blood sugar is always higher. I guess it depends on the person, whatever “diet” works the best for them.

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