More than 20,000 square feet of diabetes research – that is what is currently on display in the Poster Hall at the American Diabetes Association’s Scientific Sessions. One of the posters presented today during an audio poster tour explored whether a low-fat, high-protein diet would lead to greater weight loss than a low-fat, high-carb diet in people with type 2 diabetes.
This study, which was conducted over two years in New Zealand, divided overweight people with type 2 diabetes into two groups: one that ate a regular low-fat, high-carb diet (which acted as the control) and the other group ate a low-fat, high protein diet. Researchers then took weight and waist circumference measurements at the beginning and then at 6, 12, and 24 months. They also looked at other factors related to diabetes complications, such as A1C results, blood pressure and lipid profiles (which measure risk factors for coronary heart disease).
After two years, both groups lost weight, reduced their waist circumference, and lowered their A1C. There was no significant difference between the groups, except that the lipid profile pattern was different throughout the two years, but ended up with similar results after at the end of the study.
So what does this mean? No matter what type of diet you prefer (and we know there are many different preferences out there), it’s the total number of calories you consume that matters most.