Breaking News: The scoop on a key project for the American Diabetes Association and JDRF

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The American Diabetes Association and JDRF co-hosted a gathering of scientists with distinct expertise in type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, immunology, microbiology and technology. The experts agreed upon research priorities centered on understanding how the microorganisms that live in our bodies impact diabetes and obesity.

Overwhelmed? Don’t be. We broke it down in our Q&A below.

What did they actually talk about?

  • Human cells. And, human health.Specifically, they explored the microorganisms that inhabit the human body and their genetic makeup, which is known as the “microbiome,” and how these microorganisms are important factors in human health.

Okay, so what about the microbiome?

  • Within the first year of life, a community of microbes becomes established in the human gut. The exact composition of the population depends on the environment and diet, but is also influenced by the genes and immune system of the human host. Once it is established, the gut microbiota can be modified or changed by a number of factors including diet, probiotics, antibiotics and other pharmaceutical agents. Interestingly, these changes in the microbiota can also influence the human host’s metabolic function and other aspects of health.

Future findings may have an impact on diabetes. How?

  • Right now we know that the composition of the gut microbiome in people with obesity or diabetes is different from those who are lean. The composition also appears to be different between children who develop type 1 diabetes and those who do not. These differences suggest that something about obesity and diabetes may alter the microbiome, or alternatively, that microbiome composition may predispose individuals to these diseases.
  • The assembled researchers agreed upon what needs to be further explored to understand the impact of the microbiome on diabetes and obesity. The two organizations’ report was published summarizing the findings from this meeting, and highlighting the types of research that will be required to further advance this field of study. You can read the Association-JDRF joint press release here.

What’s the goal of this research?

  • Thanks in part to new technologies that allow large scale genomic sequencing and data analyses, the relationships between the microbiome and disease can now be addressed in a number of different ways. The ultimate goal is to develop and test microbiota-related interventions to prevent and treat diabetes.

With better understanding of the links between the microbiome and human health, we may be able to see a day when we can modify the bacteria living in our guts to prevent and treat diabetes.

For more information read the full paper here and check out the joint press release.

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7 Responses to Breaking News: The scoop on a key project for the American Diabetes Association and JDRF

  1. Annmarie says:

    Ok I have to ask y don’t you distinguish type 1 it type 2 more often how can u even compare these diseases? Most type 1 I inow are lean what’s the correlation of the two ! Plz help to spread awareness to a misjudged disease if I as a parent n not a dr have fine my research to better understand it we need u guys who r in public eye to do it! Type 2 needs more diet restrictions n type can cover within reason for carbs n of course once they know how to adjust for certain foods! Plz for the children w this who get jokes or comments bc of stereotype bc if type 2 !!!! Like a 20 month eats too many sweets come on! Pic being a child that has the autoimmune pancreas disease but bc it’s got the name n stigma they feel they did something wrong ! Not right oh I can go on on thx for listening

    • Suzanne says:

      It also makes me a bit crazy when I see experts on ‘diabetes’ lump the many types of diabetes together. People with Type 1 live with judgment and ignorance and are continually bombarded with ideas for exercising and being able to stop insulin. Kids with Type 1 face real dangers at school when those in position of authority do not understand that Type 1 is a very different disease and do not understand the care a child with Type 1 needs. Adults at school will say things like, “oh my Aunt has diabetes, I know all about it. We will make sure your child does not have access to any sugary foods at school and he will be just fine.” Also, people with Type 1 very often get treated as a person with Type 2 when they have to go to the hospital for surgeries or other treatments and this actually endangers their lives. Even professional nurses in hospitals and non-endo physicians don’t know anything about Type 1.

  2. Connie says:

    My husband has severe diabetes II. Last week his b.s. level fell to 26 and he nearly passed out. He was incoherent, confused, didn’t know where he was or where he was going, couldn’t communicate. His most severe symptom was profuse sweating. Today he was doing fine, b.s. level 70, ate a glucose tablet, an hour later administered insulin and ate lunch. During lunch his head inexplicably began to sweat. What are your experiences with sweating?

    For a couple of months now he complains of contually feeling dizzy. Is this a typical diabetes symptom, and what’s the treatment?

  3. Emha says:

    I ask you whether there is a possibility of type 1 diabetes (in the beginning) will be type 2 diabetes in the future?

  4. Pingback: Breaking News: The scoop on a key project for the American Diabetes Association and JDRF | Gregg's Diabetes

  5. Penny Tucker says:

    I really appreciate this article, i have been looking everywhere for this, I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks, thanks for author of this article!

    Diabetes is a chronic, but also a treatable disease, in most cases, diabetes can be well controlled by following a healthy diet and exercise regime, while more serious cases, Diabetes is treated with a combination of diet, exercise, medication(s) and insulin.

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